Producers, Shippers & Co

On the island of Madeira there are two types of companies: producers and shippers. Producers make Madeira wine and sell it, shippers just trade the wine. Most of the producers have their seat in Funchal, most of the shippers are located in London. Many international companies that have a Madeira wine in their range of products order one of the original producers to bottle a wine under the company’s name, Sandeman as an example. And there is a third type of company in the wine business, the so-called partidistas, similar to the almacenistas of the Sherry-business. They store and mature wine, but they do not sell the wine directly to the market but to other traders. The following list is in alphabetical order and lists everything that you might find on a bottle or a label besides the grape variety and the year of vintage. A list of known Madeira vintages follows in one of the later chapters; the grape varieties are described in detail a few pages up. 3YO means three years old. The availability of vintages changes daily so I did not list the vintages for sale.

Not every name will appear in this list. Some landowners bottled wine under their initials, sometimes adding the village or the vineyard. AO-SM as an example means Annibal Oliveira, vineyard owner in Sao Martinho. Especially older vintages used to be traded in cask and were only bottled in their country of destination. The wines were then named after the ship (many famous ship names are included in this list) that transported them, or the trader’s newborn child or whatever. In the US this custom was very common. People named their Madeira wines after anything, wives, lovers, weddings, horse races or horses and the color of the cask. Many of these names you will not find in the list. Also you have to remember that, due to their private character, wines with such an exotic name were always small in number of bottles.

Companies, Shippers, Import Brands And More

ABSL

See Barros e Sousa.

Abudarham, Vinhos Viúva & Filhos Lda. (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, joined in 1934, probably went out of trade in 1980.

Acciaioly, Oskar

Last member of the Acciaioly family from Florence, Italy, that came to the island in the 16th century. Acciaioly used to export a lot of wine to Russia until 1916; he also exported wine into the Scandinavian countries until the late 1970’s. A lot of the remaining wines were sold in 1989 by Christie’s. Also Barbeito acquired some of the Acciaioly wines and sold the bottled wines with the original label. The wines in cask were later sold under the Barbeito label.

Adegas Exportadora de Vinhos da Madeira Lda. (Borges)

Brand of H. M. Borges for 3YO, traded by: Pofuturo, Sociedade Commercial de Bebidas Lda., Sitio do Pico do Cardo, Santo Antonio, P-9000 Funchal. Old address of Adega Exportadora: Rua das Avores 83, Funchal.

Adelaide

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Agatha

19th century ship carrying Madeira wine on the India route.

Aguiar Freitas & Ca Sucrs. Lda. (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, joined in 1936, probably went out of trade in 1980.

Anderson

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

AO

See Acciaioly, Oskar.

AO-SM

Initials of Anibal D'Oliveira, vineyard owner in Sao Martinho, one of the owners of Pereira d’Oliveira, some old vintages from the 19th and early 20th century still exist. See Pereira d’Oliveira.

Aspinwall

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Averys

A long established wine trader in Bristol, Great Britain since 1793. Used to bottle Madeira wines under their own label and imported wines by Cossart Gordon. Averys initiated a first small Madeira renaissance with a large sale of high class vintages in 1956. Today, Averys still trades some wines by D'Oliveiras, but no vintages anymore.

Address: Averys, Orchard House, Southfield Road, Nailsea, Bristol BS48 1JN, Great Britain, Tel: 01275-811-100, Fax: 01275-811-101.

Barbeito

See Vinhos Barbeito (Madeira) Lda.

Barros, Almeida & Co (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, joined in 1936, probably went out of trade in 1980.

de Barros e Sousa Lda., Artur  (ABSL)

See chapter about this company.

Bates & Schoonmaker Inc.

Former US importer for T. T. da Camara Lomelino. Address was: 17 East 42nd Street, New York City.

Bethune

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Bianchi, Carlo de

Famous 19th century collector of Madeira wines. He inherited the Lomelino Company after the death of Tarquinio Torquato da Camara Lomelino. C de B are the initials on bottles from his private stock.

Bianchi's Madeira Lda. (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, joined in 1953, probably went out of trade in 1980.

Blandy's Madeiras Lda. (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, founded in 1811, joined in 1934, the premium brand of the MWC, see MWC for address and details.

Offer: Finest 3Y, Reserve 5Y, Dukes-series 5Y, Special Reserve 10Y, soleras, vintages.

Borges Sucrs. Lda., H. M.

See chapter about this company.

Bradley

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Bramin

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Broadbent

Company owned by Bartholomew Broadbent, son of Christie’s famous Michael Broadbent. Broadbent Selections Inc. markets various blends, vintages and colheitas. The wines are also available in Europe and Japan.

Buchanan

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Butler

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Philadelphia.

C de B

See Bianchi, Carlo de.

Cadwaladar

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Philadelphia.

Camacho, Joao Joaquim

Associated with Pereira d’Oliveira, see there.

Camara de Lobos

Village at the south coast, made famous by Sir Winston Churchill. Centre of the winegrowing region there. The mentioning of Camara de Lobos usually indicates a medium-sweet bual-type of wine.

Carter

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Virginia.

Casa dos Vinhos da Madeira (H&H)

Brand of Henriques & Henriques.

Old address: Rua dos Ferreiros 125, P-9001 Funchal, Tel 00351-291-236767.

Catherine Banks

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

CC

See Cossart Gordon.

Chairman

Medium dry blend, brand of Chairmans, London, for the European market. Importer for Germany: Max Burkhardt, Hamburg.

Challenger

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Charming Martha

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Charming Nancy

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Charming Polly

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Chrisholm

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

Clauzel, A.

French importer of Madeira wine.

Coffin

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Comet

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Constitution

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Companhia Vinicola da Madeira

Old address: Rua dos Ferreiros 188, P-9001 Funchal. There is a Terrantez vintage of 1795, some other old vintages and some three year old blends. Associated with Justino Henriques Filhos, see there.

Cossart Gordon Lda. (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, founded in 1745, joined in 1953, see MWC for address and details.

Offer: Good Company series, Finest 3Y, Reserve 5Y, Special Reserve 10Y, Duo Centenary series 15Y, soleras, vintages.

Cunha, E. A. (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, out of trade.

Cunha, J. A.

See Pereira D'Oliveira.

CVM

Initials of the Companhia Vinicola da Madeira.

De Renne

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

Donaldson Vinhos & Cia (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, joined in 1934, probably went out of trade in 1980, but is still used in Japan.

East India Madeira Co. Lda.

Associated with Justino Henriques, see there.

EBH

Initials of Eugenia Bianchi Henriques, granddaughter of Carlo de Bianchi.  See also Bianchi, Carlo de.

Earthquake

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Espinheiro Madeira

Medium dry blend, only found in miniatures so far. Imported for the German market by J. Buxtorf, Wichelhausen & Co, Bremen.

Fairlie, Captain David

One of the descendants of the original owners of the Torre Bella estate. Also a well known collector of Madeira wines who had married into the Blandy family. The collection was auctioned off in 1988 by Christie's. Also see Torre Bella.

Faja dos Padres

Once the best-known vineyard on the island, situated on sea-level west of the Cabo Girao, the second highest cliff in the world with a height of 580 meters. (The highest can be found in eastern Taiwan, being 760 meters high) Until the end of the 19th century the best and most famous Malvasia wines were grown at the Faja dos Padres. Today the new owner of the Faja has replanted some vines, but there is no significant wine production here yet. You will also find a restaurant, swimming pool and accommodation. There is a new cable car to the Faja (“Teleferico”) going down from Sitio da Rancho, price was about 8 Euros in 2003 for a round trip.

Fame

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Faria J. & Filhos Lda.

Address: Rua dos Maravilhas 25CC/25D, P-9000 Funchal, Tel 00351-291-742935, Fax 00351-291-742255.

Offer: 3YO, 5YO, fruit liquors, Aguadente de Cana.

Favourite

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Fearing

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Fernandez, M. E.

Said to produce wine by the Canteiro-method. Address and offer unknown, you can find a 3YO in Funchal.

Ferraz, F. F. & Co (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, founded in 1915, joined in 1937, went out of trade in 1988.

 

Fitzhugh

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Virginia.

Flagman

Medium dry blend, import brand of Eggers & Franke, Bremen, for the German market. Traded by Flagmans Ltd, London.

Funchal Wine Co. (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, probably went out of trade in 1980.

Gadsden

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Charlestown.

Gaselee, Sir Stephen

Famous collector of Madeira wines in the 1940ies.

Gebhard

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Gibbs & Co (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, founded 1857, went out of trade.

Godard

German filler of half-dry Madeira miniatures with the name Camara de Lobos. Former address: Godard GmbH, Neuss/Rhein.

Goelet, P. P.

U. S. importer and/or collector of Madeira wines in the 19th century, the family also owns Clos du Val in the Napa valley in California and Taltarni in Australia. The large collection seems to have been sold off since some of the bottles surfaced since 2000, though I could not find out where or when. Many of their bottles contain wines that were shipped in cask across the equator, so these bottles bear the ships names like “Brig Twin”, “Francis”, “Juno”, “Rebel” or “Southern Cross”.

Gomez, Luiz (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, founded in 1868, joined in 1953, probably went out of trade in 1988.

Gonçalves, J. H. (Borges)

Brand of H. M. Borges for 3YO, distributed by Manuel da Silva Peixoto & Co Lda., 30 Cam. Areeiro, Sao Martinho, P-9000-243 Funchal, Tel 00351-291-772381.

Gonçalves Lda., P. E.

Address: Jesus Maria José, 36 Cam. Bela Vista, P-9300-027 Camara de Lobos, Tel 00351-291-942813, Fax 00351-291-941510. Or: Jesus M. Jose, P-9300 Camara de Lobos, Tel 00351-291-941551.

Probably associated with J. Faria & Filhos, offer not known.

Gordon

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

Grabham, Dr. Michael & Walther

Father and son; the father married into the Blandy family and collected Madeira wines.

Griswold

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Habersham, William Neyle

Eccentric merchant in Savannah, Georgia, born 1817. He was famous for the strange treatment of his Madeira wines and is said to be the inventor of rainwater Madeira. His huge Madeira wine collection was sold in 1900.

Henriques & Henriques = H&H

See chapter about this company.

HH

See Henriques & Henriques.

HMB

See Borges, H. M.

Howland

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Huger

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Charlestown.

Hurricane

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Jackson

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

JNV

See Junta Nacional do Vinho.

JRT

See Teixeira, J. R.

Juno

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Junta Nacional do Vinho

The JNV was founded in 1937. From 1940 on it controlled the production of Madeira wine in Funchal. The JNV awarded the JNV paper seal that was put over the cork of every bottle of Madeira wine bottled on the island. The first paper seals where just paper stripes with a small printed seal on it, later becoming a unique shape that was copied in the IVM seal. The IVM relieved the JNV in 1980. The JNV wax seal is described in the chapter about old bottles.

 
Different JNV paper seals

Justino Henriques Filhos, Vinhos

See chapter about this company.

Instituto do Vinho da Madeira

See Madeira Wine Institute.

IVM

See Madeira Wine Institute.

Kassab, B. A.

Braheem (or Brahim) A. Kassab; a syrian merchant who collected Madeira Wines at the beginning of the 20th century. His bottles were marked with the seal BAK. A description and picture of the seal can be found in the chapter about old bottles.

Kopke, C. N.

Founded in 1638, Kopke is the oldest existing Port wine company, situated in Vila Nova de Gaia. Kopke exported at least a three year old blend through a branch in Funchal. German importer and filler was Cinzano & Cia in Frankfurt/Main.

Kraus Bros. & Co

Former US importer for Welsh Brothers. Address was: 18-22 West Street, New York.

Krohn Brothers Lda. (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, joined in 1951, probably went out of trade in 1980.

Laurens

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Charlestown.

Leacock & Co (MWC)

Brand of the Madeira Wine Company, founded in 1760, joined in 1934, address and details see MWC.

Offer: St. John 3YO, Rainwater, Finest 3Y, Reserve 5Y, Special Reserve 10Y, soleras, vintages.

Lenox

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Liberty

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Lloyd-O'Donnell-Tilghman

Famous American collection of Madeira wines.

Lomelino, Tarquinio Torquato da Camara (MWC)

Brand of the Madeira Wine Company, founded in 1820, Portuguese at first then English and joined the MWC in 1936, went out of trade in 1988, but is still used in Belgium.

Lynch, Dominic = DL

Madeira wine collecting wine merchant in 19th century New York.

Madeira Meneres, Sociedade dos Vinhos (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, joined in 1936, went out of trade in 1980.

Madeira Victoria & Co (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, joined in 1936, went out of trade in 1980, but is still used in Holland.

Madeira Wine Association = MWA

See Madeira Wine Company.

Madeira Wine Company = MWC

See chapter about this company.

Madeira Wine Institute (Instituto do Vinho da Madeira, IVM)

See chapter about the Institute.

Madère de L'Ile

Blend for the French market imported by A. Clauzel. By the way: note how the label says “Espana y Portugal”, indicating that the wine traded here comes from Spain and Portugal. Also the language on the label is Spanish (like “Vinos” instead of “Vinhos”) which means that this wine comes from Spain. So this is another example of forged Madeira wine.

Margade

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Martin

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Martins F., Caldeira & Co. (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, joined in 1960, went out of trade in 1988.

Mary Elisabeth

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Mentor

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Meredith

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Middleton

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Charlestown.

Miles Madeira (MWC)

Old name: Rutherford & Miles, brand of the Madeira Wine Company, founded in 1814, joined in 1969, address and details see MWC.

Offer: Finest 3Y, Reserve 5Y, Special Reserve 10Y, soleras, vintages.

Mitchell, Silas Weir MD

Madeira wine collecting physician in 19th century Philadelphia. Mitchell is also famous for his story “A Madeira party”, please refer to the bibliography section.

Monteiro Vinhos (Just. Henriques)

Associated with Justino Henriques e Filhos, see there.

MWA

Madeira Wine Association, see there.

MWC

Madeira Wine Company, see there.

Nobrega, A. (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, joined in 1953, probably went out of trade in 1980.

Oglethorpe

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

D'Oliveira, Aníbal

See Pereira D'Oliveira.

Owens-Thomas

House in Savannah, Georgia, with a small museum. In the cellar you can find a huge collection of Madeira wines with handwritten labels.

Parkington, J. R. & Co

Former British importer for Power Drury. Address was: 161 New Bond Street, London W. 1.

Pereira D'Oliveira Vinhos

See chapter about this company.

Pinckney

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Charlestown.

Power Drury (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, joined in 1934, went out of trade in 1988. Nevertheless the brand is sometimes used for 3YO wines.

Price, William

Madeira wine collecting wine merchant in 19th century Savannah.

Pries Scholtz, A. (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, probably went out of trade in 1980. Importer for Germany was Bols-Import, Neuss/Rhein.

Quinta

Quinta means estate in Portuguese. Many famous wines were bottled under the name of the producing quinta.

Quinta do Serrado

Estate in Camara de Lobos owned by the family of Antonio Eduardo Henriques. A large stock of their wines (about 1200 bottles of each, 1827 and 1830) was sold at Christie’s in the late 1980ies.

Rapid

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Ravenel

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Charlestown.

Rebel

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Red Jacket

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Richmond Packet

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Royal Madeira Company (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, joined in 1936, probably went out of trade in 1980.

Rozès

Import company for the French market, founded in 1855 by Ostende Rozès. The company was sold to Vranken Monopole in 1999 and does no longer trade with Madeira wine. Port wines are still available though. Former address in Funchal: Rozès Lda., Rua San Pedro 18, Funchal. Former address in Bordeaux: Ed. Rozés, 20 Rue Raze, Bordeaux.

Rutherford & Miles (MWC)

See Miles.

Rutledge

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Charlestown.

Sandeman

Bottled by Casa dos Vinhos da Madeira, Henriques & Henriques.

Santa Luzia (MWC)

Brand of the MWC for the market in Finland.

Sarmento, José

Import company for the French market, probably no longer existing. Former Bordeaux address: Union Europeene d'Importation. 136 Quai des Chartrons, Bordeaux, France.

Scheley

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

Schenley Import Corporation

Former importer for Power Drury for the US. Address was: 18 West 40th Street, New York.

Seager, Evans & Co.

Used to be the London importers for Blandy's. Old address: 20 Queen Anna's Gate, London S. W. 1.

Shortridge Lawton & Co, Vinhos (MWC)

Brand of the Madeira Wine Company, founded in 1757, joined in 1934, probably went out of trade in 1988. Wines are sought after by collectors since they were one of the last wines to be matured by the traditional sea voyage.

Silva Vinhos Lda

Founded in 1990 by the Silva brothers, went out of trade in 2002. As the company had been founded, the owners had also bought the rights for the Veiga Franca brand, but as far as I know, they had never used it for new vintages or even soleras.

Old address: Sitio da Igreja, Estreito de Câmara de Lobos, P-9300 Câmara de Lobos, Tel 00315-291-945810, Fax 00351-291-945199.

Offer: 3Y, 5Y and 10Y. Some old Veiga Franca vintages and soleras are still available from private sources and auctions.

Socieda Agricola da Madeira (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, founded in 1928, joined in 1937, went out of trade.

Spence-Symington

Famous American collection of Madeira Wines.

Spinola, J. B. (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, joined in 1936, probably went out of trade in 1980.

de Sousa, Manoel, Herdeiros Lda.

Brand of a ca. 30 year old Madeira wine, sold at Patricio and Gouveia Lda., the embroidery company. They say that this wine comes from the owner’s family and has been matured for more then 30 years in the old casks lying in the basement of the building, right in the tasting room. These bottles do not bear any IVM seal.

Southern Cross

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Star of Bengal

19th century ship carrying Madeira wine on the India route.

Success

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Susquehanna

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Tartar

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Taylor, W. A. & Co.

Used to be the U.S. importers for Blandy's. Also marketed Madeira wine under their own name. Old address: 12-13 Laight Street, NY.

Teixeira, J. R. (also written Teixera in some catalogues)

Descendant from one of the captains that sailed with Zarco when he claimed Madeira island for Portugal. An 1863 Boal and a 1870 Boal were auctioned at Christies some years ago. J. R. stands for Joao Romao.

Telfair

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

Thomas, Doug

Famous American collector of Madeira wines. Thomas lived in Baltimore from1847 to 1919 and was president of the Merchants Bank. Being a well-known wine connoisseur, he celebrated six famous Madeira wine tastings over a 17-year period. His collection of old Madeira wines was one of the largest in the US.

Three Deacons

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Torre Bella

The Torre Bella estate, meaning beautiful tower in Portuguese, owned by the family of the Visconde de Torre Bella, featured many of the largest and most famous vineyards of the island. Since the 1970ies the estate has been divided into many small parts, no significant winegrowing is done here anymore. Also see Fairlie, Captain David.

Torreão Vinhos, Adegas do

Address: Rua dos Ferreiros 215, P-9001 Funchal, Tel 00351-291-221937. The building was closed in 1999 and 2003 and seemed uninhabited. The company used to produce a wide variety of wines including vintages and -according to Liddell- was said to go back into trade in 1996. According to the latest information however the company went bankrupt. In 2003 you could still buy some 10 year old blends in shops on the island. Also a few vintage wines can still be obtained from shops, auctions or private sources.

Townsend

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Travers

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century New York.

Twins

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Two Sisters

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Uniao Vinícola (Funchal) Lda.

Makes the East India Madeiras (Rainwater and London particular) for the East India Company Lda. Associated with Justino Henriques, see there. U.S. importer is World Shippers & Importers Co. in Philadelphia.

Vasconcelos, Casa dos Vinhos (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, joined in 1951, probably went out of trade in 1980.

Veiga França

Old address: Avenida Arriaga 73, P-9000 Funchal

The company closed a few years ago, due to financial problems. Some old bottles are still available. The brand was bought by Silva Vinhos, see there.

Vinhos Barbeito (Madeira) Lda.

See chapter about this company.

Voigt, L. R.

Former British importer for Leacock. Address was: 24-25 Great Tower Street, London E. C. 3.

Wagner, John

Former US importer in Ivyland, Pennsylvania for the MWC, bottled Madeira wine under his own label.

Walters, Henry

Famous American collection of Madeira wine in Baltimore. The collection was auctioned off by the widow of the former owner in 1943.

Wanderer

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Wayne

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

Welsh Brothers (MWC)

Brand of the MWC, joined in 1934, went out of trade in 1980, but is still used in Japan.

Widow

19th century ship transporting Madeira wine to the United States.

Wile Sons. Julius & Co

Former US importer for Leacock. Address was: 2 Park Avenue, New York.

Wilder

Madeira wine collecting family in 19th century Savannah.

Wine Society Ltd., The

British company in Stevenage SG1, Gunnels Wood Road, founded in 1874, some old vintages bottled by the MWC.